Nucleonics Matrix

Nuclear Stability

By Alain Lareau

After hydrogen and helium the most plentiful element in the cosmos is Oxygen.


Atomic
Number
NameSymbol
1HydrogenH
2HeliumHe
3LithiumLi
4BerylliumBe
5BoronB
6CarbonC
7NitrogenN
8OxygenO


For the past several decades I have been confronted by the nature of Nuclear Stability and the pattern of proton-neutron ratios of various elemental isotopes. Just recently(2001) while digesting reports of radio-activity distribution in nature and evaluating data of radio-active decay of various waste products from the nuclear power industry I was prompted to take review of this topic again. I mention now that from the start I made reference to the Moon-Hecht Model which proved helpful early on but I abandoned midway in wrestling out a problem or two . The question at hand is really a very simple one. Why is a particular combination of protons and neutrons as an atomic nucleus more or less stable than another, and corollary, why is one particular type of decay favored by nature?
I consider some questions not to be answered sufficiently in the present day so here I elaborate concepts which I hope will explain phenomena in a more coherent way with intent that an increase in mankind's ability to effect nature for the good of all is to be had soon. I will start in a most basic level and work to the more complicated as we proceed. I will try to elaborate the blind alleys as well as the benchmarks.


Here are two of the charts we used on a previous page, we want expand this chart to include all isobars to twenty.


n =
p-2 p-1p p+1p+2
  H 1   n  
   H 2   
  He 3   H 3  
   He 4   


n = p-2 n = p-1 n = p n = p+1 n = p+2
  H 001
99.985%

Stable
  n  
    H 002
0.015%

Stable
   
  He 003
0.000137%

Stable
  H 003

12.33 yr
 
Li 004

  He 004
99.999863%

Stable
  H 004




Well that was the way I began trying to tell people about something that I found remarkable and at some point I had to admit people were just not getting the point of why
I say "We need a new type of table to portray this data".

n = p-3 n = p-2 n = p-1 n = p n = p+1 n = p+2 n = p+3 n = p+4
    H 001
99.985%

Stable
         
      H 002
0.015%

Stable
       
    He 003
0.000137%

Stable
  H 003

12.33 yr
     
  Li 004

  He 004
99.999863%

Stable
  H 004
   
 
 
 
  Li 005
  He 005
     
  Be 006
  Li 006
7.5%

Stable
  He 006
   
B 007
  Be 007   Li 007
92.5%

Stable
  He 007

 
 
 
 
B 008

  Be 008
  Li 008
  He 008
llllllllllllllllll llllllllllllllllll llllllllllllllllll llllllllllllllllll llllllllllllllllll llllllllllllllllll llllllllllllllllll llllllllllllllllll
The above table is useful when undertaking a study of stellar nucleosynthesis regarding the non-popularity of the Isobars 5 and 8, however its placement here is to provide an example of how data can be displayed different than that of the Segre Chart.

Next


This presentation takes place in multiple treads, they intersect in numerous places. This is done to facilitate investigation on different levels.
The Moon-Hecht Model at 21st. Century Science and Technology magazine should be viewed at some point. I post it now to provide you a preview oppertunity.
Use this link Isobars Chapter One to persue the thread of the Essay on Nuclear Stability.


Charts will be displayed in a sequencial format when posible, for instance:
begining with the most common isotope
first the elements most common in the cosmos
second the elements common in the earth's crust will be added
then the most common salts of seawater
the makeup of our atmosphere next
all stable isotopes of these elements will then be viewed
elements of biological systems if not already included
next all isotopes of half-life periods longer than one day
then metals just heavier than iron will be included
all naturaly occuring radioactive isotopes
all chemicaly significant elements
untill finally all elements and all man made isotopes.

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The twelve most abundant elements in order of abundance,
with atomic #(Z), atomic weight(A) of most common isotope,
neutron #(N)in most common isotope,
and reference platonic solids
*
Z Element A N 4 6 8 12 20
1 Hydrogen 1 0          
2 Helium 4 2          
8 Oxygen 16 8          
10 Neon 20 10          
6 Carbon 12 6          
7 Nitrogen 14 7          
14 Silicon 28 14          
12 Magnesium 24 12          
26 Iron 56 30          
16 Sulfur 32 16          
18 Argon 40 22          
13 Aluminium 27 14          
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    My name is Alain Lareau and I Publish this newsletter. For the most part my Web handle is MetaphorMan


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